Friday, February 19, 2016

Avoiding Empty Calories

Changing the way that you eat can be hard. But avoiding "empty" calories helps you reach your healthy goals without feeling like you're dieting.
I think that we all know our body needs a certain amount of energy each day. Energy comes from food in the form of calories. Calories let you function and keep doing your daily activities. But after your body meets its needs, it stores extra calories as fat. Most of us get plenty of calories in our diet-often too many.
 I was very surprised the other day when I was talking to one of my kids and he said, "calories are the things that make you fat". I felt like I had let him down and not taught him better. We all need calories to survive - they are what keep us alive. 

Foods with empty calories have lots of calories but very few nutrients like vitamins and minerals. 
"Convenience foods," (or junk foods as we used to say back in the day)  like packaged snacks, chips, and sodas, are common sources of empty calories. 
Nutrient-rich foods, on the other hand, have a lot more nutrients in relation to their calories. A few examples are vegetables, peanut butter, bran cereal with fruit, and fish.

Tips for avoiding empty calories

Replacement food and drinks
Instead of this:Choose this:
Sugar-sweetened drinks like soda, energy drinks, and sweetened coffee drinks
Water, no-sugar-added fruit juices, tea or coffee, tomato juice, and other vegetable juices
Whole milk and dairy products made from whole milk
Fat-free or 1% milk and other low-fat dairy products
High-fat meats like many cuts of beef, corned beef, pork sausage, and luncheon meats
Low-fat ground beef, turkey breast, and skinless chicken
Sugary treats like cakes, candies, and cookies
Fruits, low-fat yogurt, and treats made with less sugar
Chips, crackers, french fries, and other fried treats
Baked chips, air-popped popcorn, and whole-grain crackers
Breads made with refined flour such as white, sourdough, and ciabatta breads
Breads made with whole grains: whole wheat, rye, and sprouted wheat (They have lots of fiber.)
High-fat salad dressings
Low-fat or yogurt-based salad dressings

Tips for making the most of the calories you eat

Choose foods that have lots of nutrients. Look for foods that are high in:

  • Fiber. It's found in beans and peas. It's also in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains.
  • Potassium. It's in potatoes and bananas as well as other fruits, vegetables, and milk products.
  • Calcium. It's in milk and milk products (including yogurt and cheese). It's also in certain leafy green vegetables (broccoli, spinach, kale), beans and peas, and some nuts.
  • Vitamin D. You can find it in egg yolks, liver, saltwater fish, and vitamin D-fortified dairy products.
  • Magnesium. Sources include nuts, whole grains, dark green vegetables, seafood, and cocoa.